Overview Of The Curriculum Of The 2nd and 3rd Years

A. Training-days

B. Learning therapy in subgroups

C. Intervision meetings

D. Leading a PBSP structure-group

E. Supervision

F. Studying literature

G. Evaluation


Schedule for the 2nd and 3rd year:

A. Training in setting-up and directing a structure-group200 hours. Introductions, demonstrations, experience-oriented learning  (28 days)

B. Learning therapy/42 hours (6 days)

C. Intervision-meetings/24 hours (6 parts of a day)

D. Leading a PBSP structure-group/120 hours (40 evenings)

E. Individual supervision/30 hours

F. Studying literature, 600 pages/ 60 hours

G. Evaluation at the end of the 3rd year. Test by means of a video-recording of a structure. Two final training days./ 30 hours (4 days)


A. 28 training-days in the 2nd and 3rd year

The second and third training year consist of 28 training days. These cover:

  • theoretical introductions and lectures
  • elaboration of the theory by demonstrating PBSP structures by the trainers
  • experience-oriented learning in structures during the training days; each participant two structures in the training group
  • live supervision about parts of structures discussing literature

Content of the training days

General theory

  • Deepening of the knowledge about Genetic Development Requirements
  • Elaboration on the subjects: ‘Shape – Countershape’ and ‘Antidote’
  • Elaboration on: Energy – action – interaction: satisfaction, internalization of meaning
  • Elaboration on: Event – Record – Experience – Expression – Old Map and New Map
  • Body-parts and body-language; bodily expressions of repressed needs, wishes, drives and fears; how to deal with them without enforcing defenses
  • Interactive energy: the three circle notion
  • Metaphors of action and internalization: feeding, fertilizing, killing
  • Soul projection
  • Projection of the anticipation of happiness in heaven, reincarnation, previous life, death, other Planet or other time in history
  • Respect for resistance; transference and resistance
  • Theory about concrete, symbolic and magic levels of experience
  • Elaboration on the subject of ‘Polarities’
  • Structures: motivation and contract, ‘pre-structure issues’
  • The concept of Ideal Parents

Structure preparation exercises

  • Possibility sphere exercise
  • Witnessing exercises
  • Training in affective vocabulary
  • Defining voices: voice of control, criticism, dissociation, guilt, judgment, voice of negative prediction, reasonableness, reproach, suppression, truth, warning etc.
  • Defining fragment figures: ally, helper, contact figure, containing figure, limiting figure, permission giving figure
  • Antidote exercises: place, nurturance, protection, support, limits
  • How to propose and lead an exercise within a structure
  • From exercise to structure
  • Mini-structures


  • Basic therapeutic attitude as the leader of a group and as a structure leader
  • The sequences of a structure in a step by step training model: Possibility sphere, Center of Truth, True Scene, Historical Scene, Antidote, Integration
  • Creating a new personal history with the basic format of Ideal Parents
  • Inner Screens and External Stages
  • Energy seeking and tracking consciousness
  • Working with a ‘Witness-figure’ and ‘Fragment-figures’
  • Polarization and the use of role figures: parent, partner, ‘sibling’ etc.
  • Self-Self interventions
  • Predict – Produce – Recognize interventions
  • Contact and Contract interventions
  • Determining clients’ modality of operating: sensory, auditory, visual, kinesthetic, ideational
  • Assessing which level(s) the client is working on: structure-level, actuality, transference, regressive, ‘acting out’
  • Phasing and rhythm of a structure: structure hypothesis, forming, testing, rejection, confirming
  • Negative reconstruction, ‘As if’-structure, ‘magical solutions’

Organization and composition of a structure group

  • Application, working together as colleagues, brochure, financial contract
  • Preparation phase from exercise group to structure-group
  • Intake and indication: life history in PBSP terms and developmental-psychological terms, therapeutic working hypothesis
  • Motivation and contract, goals for actual life and therapeutic goals, treatment plan
  • Composition of a group, group-contract, ‘book-keeping of roles’, homework
  • Leading the sharing process; feedback about a structure
  • Half-year evaluation: progress, group evaluation, feedback by therapist, feedback towards the therapist, redefinition of goals, application of the therapy in actual life
  • Group dynamic issues within a PBSP structure group
  • Transference and counter-transference at various levels
  • Cooperation as a team of two therapists during structures and outside of structures
  • From structure to actuality: family, work, partner; homework, logbook, pictures
  • Illness, holidays, farewells
  • Variations: workshops, mini-structure-group, exercises during the structure, short modules, PBSP® in an individual context

Specific themes and subjects

  • Chronic pain and Somatization
  • Dissociation
  • Sexual abuse
  • Suicidal whishes and tendencies
  • Consequences of early loss; magical marriage
  • Eat, Merge, Marry, Murder
  • Omnipotence and Limits
  • Religious issues
  • ‘Soul projection’
  • Humor

B. Learning Therapy

The learning therapy is an essential part of the training. To personally undergo a number of themes and to be part of colleagues’ structures is an enriching experience, which can be of essential value in later work as a structure-leader. The learning therapy provides for three structures per participant. The goal of the

learning therapy is to get acquainted – from the inside – with the position of a client with the PBSP method. A learning therapy group consists of 6 to 8 participants of the training group, which convenes six days as a minimum. The learning therapy is guided by a certified PBSP therapist or trainer.  

C. Intervision-meetings

In the intervision group literature is referenced and mini-structures will be conducted. There is also a possibility to invite -on a voluntary basis- an experienced PBSP psychotherapist to sessions in order to exchange practical knowledge and to gain inspiration. Trainers recommend to continue an intervision-group for as long as possible as an inter-collegial group.

D. Leading a PBSP® structure-group

During the 2nd and 3rd training year the participant will direct a continuous PBSP structure group during a minimum of 120 hours (i.e. 40 meetings of 3 hours). Preferably the group is being guided together with a colleague of the training-group. Video-recordings are made of these structures for supervision purposes.

E. Supervision

Live- as well as video-supervision will be scheduled as part of the training days (48 hours). Separate from this, the participant is to attend to 30 hours of individual supervision with a German speaking PBSP supervisor. You will demonstrate structures on video-tape and discuss leraning points. The colleague-participant who shares in guiding the structure-group, is to participate in the supervision. A major part of the supervision will take place after the conclusion of the training days.

F. Studying of Literature

During the past years a large number of PBSP literature has been printed, such as congress documentation from Amsterdam (1992), Atlanta (1994), Basel (1996) and Oslo (1998). See the extensive literature list for references.

Additionally there is a growing number of publications form neuroscience concerning emotion-research, memory and traumatization, all areas that have been of influence in the development of the PBSP method.

During each block of training days one should account for approximately 6 hours of literature study. This corresponds to 60 pages per training block, or 600 pages in total.

G. Evaluation

During the last block of the training, every participant will show a video-recording of a (part of a) structure. This recording will be evaluated by the trainers and will result in a – in principle – assessment of the trainee’s abilities to function as a future PBSP psychotherapist.

Certification will recognize you as a PBSP therapist on an international level.